3 ways to achieve sustainable development!

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The key to achieving sustainable governance in the new, full-world context is an integrated approach. This apply across disciplines, stakeholders groups, and generations which are based on paradigm of “adaptive management”, whereby policy-making is an iterative experiment acknowledging uncertainty. Are human causing more harm to the nature, click here to know!

The principles

Within this paradigm, 6 core principles or the Lisbon principles embody the essential criteria for sustainable governance and the use of common natural and social capital assets:

Principle 1: Responsibility

Principle 2: Scale-matching

Principle 3: Precaution

Principle 4: Adaptive Management

Principle 5: Full cost allocation

Principle 6: Participation

3 ways to achieve sustainable development!

  1. Respecting ecological limits

Once society has accepted the world-view that the economic system is sustained and contained by our finite global ecosystem, it is obvious that we must respect ecological limits. This requires us to understand precisely what these limits entail, and where economic activity currently stands in relation to them.

However, our limited understanding of ecosystem structure and function, and the dynamic nature of ecological and economic systems, means that this precise point may be difficult to determine.

  1. Protecting capabilities for flourishing

Reduced working hours can increase flourishing by improving the work-life balance, and there is evidence that fewer working hours can reduce the consumption-related environmental impacts. A sense of community which is necessary for democracy is hard to maintain across vast income difference.

The main justification for such differences has been that they stimulate growth, which will one day making everyone rich. However, in our full world, with its steady-state or contracting economy, this is unrealistic.  Without aggregate growth, poverty reduction requires redistribution.

  1. Building a sustainable macro-economy

The central focus of macro-economy policies is to maximize economic growth, lesser goals include price stabilization and ensuring full employment. If society adopt the central economic goal of sustainable human well-being, the macro-economy policy will change drastically. A key leverage point is the current monetary system.

However there are several serious with this monetary system as it is highly destabilizing, the current system systematically transfers resources to the financial sector, the banking system will only create money to finance market activities that can generate the revenue required to repay the debt plus interest, and the system is ecologically unsustainable.

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Ecological economics and sustainable development

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We are living in a world that is relatively full of humans and capital infrastructure. This has call for a need to re-conceptualize what the economy is and what it is for in this new context of economy.

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What is the new model of economy?

It is worth remember that the goal of the economy should be to sustainably improve human well-being and quality of life, and that material consumption and GDP are merely means to that end, not ends in themselves. Check out what is sustainable development, click here!

Materialistic vs Well-being

We have to recognize, as both ancient wisdom and new psychological research tell us, that too much of a focus on material consumption can actually reduce our well-being (Kasser 2002).

We have to better understand what really does contribute to sustainable human well-being and recognize the substantial contributions of natural and social capital, which are now the limiting factors to improving that well-being in many countries.

What is “Green Economy”?

There are different basic characteristics of the current economic model, the green economy model, and the ecological economics model. There is some argument that minor adjustments to the current economic model will produce the desired results.

For example, it is argued that by adequately pricing the depletion of natural capital (E.g. putting a price on carbon emissions) we can address many of the problems of the current economy while still allowing growth to continue. This approach is called the “green economy” (GE) model. Some of the areas of intervention promoted by GE advocates, such as investing in natural capital. This is necessary and we should pursue them. However, it is not sufficient to achieve sustainable human well-being.

Paradigm shift: New model of economy

We need a more fundamental change, a change of our goals and paradigm. Both the shortcomings and the critics of the current model are massive, and a coherent and viable alternative is needed. Thus, a new model of the economy based on the world-view and principles of ecological economics are coming up with the following ideas:

  1. Our material economy is embedded in society which is embedded in our ecological life-support system, and that we cannot understand or manage our economy without understanding the whole, interconnected system.
  2. Growth and development are not always linked and that true development must be defined in terms of the improvement of sustainable human well-being, not merely improvement in material consumption.
  3. A balance of four basic types of assets (capital) are necessary for sustainable human well-being: built, human, social, and natural capital (financial capital is merely a marker for real capital and must be managed as such).

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What is anthropogenic global warming (AGW)? 

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What is anthropogenic global warming (AGW) all about?

Anthropogenic global warming (AGW) is a theory which explained today’s long term increase in the average temperature of Earth’s atmosphere as an effect of human industry and agriculture.

The causes for anthropogenic global warming (AGW) are increase human activities which influence the climate and the earth’s temperature for example burning fossil fuels, cutting down forests and farming livestock. Thus, these activities add enormous amounts of greenhouse gases to those occurring in the atmosphere, increasing the greenhouse effect and global warming.

Human Right Issues

It was mentioned that anthropogenic global warming (AGW) is a human rights issue (Amnesty International, n.d.; Caney, 2010). This is because it violates the rights of future people especially the developing countries that will suffer the most.

Aside, the rapid change of climate change will impact every human life in a negative way, exposed to extreme weather, alter patterns of infectious disease, compromise food security, safe drinking water, and clean air.

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The 3 conflicting issues to achieve sustainable development!

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There are a lot of challenges, criticisms of conservation. There are many critics of the corporate style of the large international conservation organizations which dependent on the donations from corporations especially from those millionaires who have profited from the growth.

The 3 critics to achieve sustainable development:

The path dependence of big corporation

This is the conflicting issue of conservation’s unthinking endorsement of economic growth, in actual the path dependence is powerful. This is because the constraint of operating within the evolving scaffolding of corporate relations has left conservation unable to challenge capitalism or the growth agenda.

Despite the manifest impacts of the energy and material resources of growing economies, conservationists have found it difficult to challenge the conservation’s own progressive neoliberalization, its capture by capitalism.

Biodiversity conservation organizations are not important among degrowth actors.

There are possible four elements of a degrowth-based conservation:

  • The first element is it consist of the pursuit of radical efficiency in the area of energy and material consumption in the practice of conservation. Greater efficiency in energy and material consumption is possible for conservation, but the strategy falls far short of the embrace of the principles of degrowth.
  • The second element of a degrowth-based conservation strategy could be the individual disconnection and lifestyle transformation. The appropriate response for conservationists is a return to the land and self-sufficiency faced by the unsustainability of the growth economy, which could be unrealistic and invite criticism excessively. There is a challenge for conservationists to extend their concern about biodiversity loss to clear lifestyle commitments.
  • The third element in conservation under degrowth might involve an element of restructuring. In the 20th century, conservation developed as a science-driven mission, developing centrally agreed strategies, overseen by a panopticon of expertise, in the form of technologies such as remote sensing, geographic information science, and genetic barcoding of nature, and in the lists of the rare and near-extinct, and the assessment of risk and the prioritization of action, enforced by appropriate authorities from above through coerced behaviour.  Under the degrowth, conservation would be seen as a distributed social practice, something that is not enforced, but which emerges from the decisions of citizens, a democratic expression that embrace both the human and the non-human.
  • The final element is conservation under degrowth might involve the re-imagination of nature.

The problem to see nature as pristine

There is a problem to see or view nature as pristine, standing threatened but essentially unchanged in a world increasingly transformed by human consumption. This is because human transformation is profound and universal through the anthropogenic influence on climate change. The balance of nature, and ecosystem in equilibrium are dynamic and subject to changes in state at a variety of scales.

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Conservation, sustainability and economic growth

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A forerunner of the idea of sustainable development is “Ecological Principles for Economic Development” was originally intended to provide the basis for approaches to the economic development that were compatible with conservation and ecology.

The conservation movement

The conservation movement was built within the frame set by the western industrial and consumption models that dominated the 19th and 20th centuries.  

In 21st century, these same models were refreshed by the ongoing processes of neoliberalization. Contemporary conservation ideas and practices are being reworked by neoliberalism, but also have been shaped in the past by the growth imperative of colonial and post-colonial developmentalism and globalized concern about poverty and sustainability.

planting green grass
The meaning of conservation is prevention of wasteful use of a resource.

Meaning of conservation:

The meaning of conservation is prevention of wasteful use of a resource. Under the utilitarian conservation, nature was “not to be preserved. However, this was actively manipulated by scientifically trained experts to improve and sustain yields.

Those yields were to be harvested and processed efficiently, and economic gains allocated equitably. Aside, utilitarianism is an ethical theory that prescribe actions that maximize happiness and well-being for all affected individuals. 

The biodiversity conservation movement

On the other hand, the biodiversity conservation movement had an important role for the emergence of sustainability idea in the 1970s.

The introduction of biodiversity conservation concept into the mainstream approach to the sustainable development has profound effect on conservation ideas and practice. This is an adoption of a model of human development that made no attempt to challenge the need for economic growth.

Next, biodiversity conservation adopted a top-down science-driven strategy that increasingly divorces nature conservation from broader environmentalism. For example, conservation focused on protection of endangered species and habitats, applying new technologies of remote sensing and geographic information science to the selection of protected areas and harnessing increased resources.

Let’s us move towards sustainable development!

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